Learn How To Skateboard For Beginners
Learn How to Skateboard For Beginners Guide
Skateboarding is a sport that involves sliding on a board with wheels and at the same time being able to perform a variety of tricks, many of them raising the floorboard and making figures and pirouettes with it in the air. This skateboard for beginners guide provide basic information about skateboarding and skateboard parts.
It is practiced with a skateboard, flat wooden board and bent at the ends and that has two axles (trucks) and four wheels, preferably on a flat surface, anywhere where it can be rolled, either on the street or in skate parks.
To abbreviate it is simply called skate, which is also the term used to name the skateboard, a board on which skateboarding is practiced. It is related to surfing, street culture, urban art, but many skaters barely skate in streets and/or squares. They are the "rampers", who only skate on ramps.
Skate Board Parts
In the sport of the Skateboard, we have to know well our travel companion, the board. The components that form it are board, sandpaper, axles, wheels, and bearings, that over time we will have to fix them or change our whole board because our style of skating requires another type of skateboard. Below we describe all these parts of the skate:
Skateboarding Boards (Deck)
Normally formed by seven sheets of Canadian maple wood with a concave shape, where the upper end is the Nose and the lower end is Tail. We can find certain best skateboarding decks with some carbon fiber sheet, but it is not the most usual. Normally to differentiate one part from another, being very similar, a screw of a different color from the others is used in the Nose.
Regarding the width, the measurements range from 7.5 to 8, 25 inches (19-21 cm). The most common corresponds to 7.75 inches which is the most advisable for those who start in this sport, as it is quite stable and allows you to start in the first tricks. Once we have spent time practicing skateboarding we will define our style and here the decision of the width of our deck. If we opt for the street style of tricks how the flips will choose a skateboarding board of fewer than 8 inches, since they are lighter and allow more freedom when making the movements, however, we lose surface to iron the trick. On the other hand, if we want greater stability for skate parks with ramps (half-pipes) to have more surface we will use skateboarding decks of more than 8 inches, but as it is obvious we will lose the capacity to make more movements.
The boards length for Skateboard is less than 33 inches (84 cm), although most and most common are those between 30 and 31 inches.
Finally, just add on the concave shape of the board depends on each make and model, but we must bear in mind that the more concave grip we get for the tricks and the less we will have less friction with the sandpaper.
Skateboarding Grip Tape
The sandpaper is placed on the surface of the Skateboard board to get the adherence of our feet to the board and successfully get the different tricks we perform. We can find several brands that manufacture them and different prices such as Grizzly, Diamond, Enjoi, Zero and many more. In the Skateboard stores, you will find them, where they will surely put them as you buy your board, although if you want to know more and put it yourself you can see this article on how to put the sandpaper.
Below the Skateboard decks come two axles that help to connect with the wheels and to be able to turn. It is a calamine body formed by a screwed base with 4 screws to the skateboard deck, the hanger that is the piece with which it is grind, which is attached to the base by a main screw or more known as Kingpin, two rubber to cushion and help turn, and finally the Axle which are the steel pieces where the wheels are placed.
Regarding the gums we can find different hardness depending on our style are recommended some more than others. If we are going to get into Skate park, half-pipes or pools, it is best to use soft rubber bands that allow more complicated and continuous turns, although they will be more unstable. However, if we are going to devote more to street hard rubber is appropriate to be more stable to perform the tricks, but lose the power of rotation.
In relation to the width, the axes go from 5 to 5.25 inches, if they are larger they are focused more towards the Longboard decks. A fact to take into account when choosing them with this aspect is the width of the board we have, they should not be too narrow or too wide in consideration with our skate.
As for the heights they can be classified as low, medium or high. The difference is that the higher they are, the better they will allow us to make the turns, having more space until the board hits the wheel while the lower is better for street tricks.
They are classified according to their size and hardness, so we will have to choose the ones that best suit our style and very important, that correspond to the axes we carry. Regarding this last low axes will have to carry small or medium wheels, the media will be medium wheels and high axles with high wheels. Be careful when placing them so that they are in place for the wear of these has to be uniform if we see that it deviates, it means that the position is incorrect.
The bearing is a mechanical element with balls protected by a shield or seal that help reduce the friction that occurs between the axle and the wheels. The ABEC standards (Annular Bearing Engineering Council) are used to classify the accuracy and tolerance of the bearing balls in different categories: 1, 3, 5.7 and 9. The 1 is the one that has the least accuracy, but greater tolerance, so that as we move up in the category, the precision will be greater and the tolerance will be lower. Usually, the 1, 3 and 5 are used, since the others are only used if we want to dedicate ourselves to some speed style. The practical difference is that if we reach a certain speed and we stop pushing with our feet if we carry some bearings of 1, you will stop before 5. We must also bear in mind that the more fragile the precision, the more If we are going to be doing tricks in skate parks or curbs for example, where they can be hit, they are likely to end up failing.
Protections for Skateboard
When it comes to skateboarding, helmet use is paramount to protect against possible head injuries. Skaters fall a lot, especially as they learn new moves and tricks in skate parks. Therefore, the first thing you should do before practicing this sport is to get a good quality skate helmet, make sure it fits correctly on your head and that it protects you well.
The knees and elbow pads, although not so indispensable, will help to absorb the impacts and avoid unpleasant chafing when the falls of the skate cause friction with the pavement.
Wrist injuries are the order of the day because, when falling, the natural reaction is to reach the ground with your hands. This causes great forces of impact on the wrists and causes many injuries, so it is advisable to wear wrist straps to ensure support. In addition, if you also want to protect your legs from bruises and injuries caused by the skateboard itself that usually hits us, or from the handrails or curbs we encounter, the best option is ankle and/or shin guards.
Skate shoes must have certain characteristics to offer good results. The sole must be made of rubber and be very thick, to provide comfort and support the impacts well. The rest of the shoe can be in leather or synthetic, but in all cases resistant: like the seams, they must withstand abrasions and with good results endure the friction against the pavement.
Some skateboarding shoes also include anti-impact systems such as valves or some other implement. The inside of the shoe should have a good padding at the height of the ankles and a wide and soft tongue to give additional protection and comfort to avoid the typical injuries of skateboarding.
How To Ride A Skateboard For The First Time
Learning flips can be frustrating, and it happens often. It's going to take a lot of time and effort, and you need to keep practicing it until you can do it at a good speed. If you really find it hard to get down, try to lower it with one foot on the board, and the other on the floor, until you feel confident.
how to drive a skateboard for beginners
To begin to skate, it is very important to be relaxed, beyond the nerves and the tension that can be faced with the new challenge, we must try to put it aside and feel the body loosened.
Another detail to keep in mind is to bend the knees, which always achieves much more control of the board and greater grip to it; not flexing them is a vice that is difficult to abandon.
The first time it is always better to choose a large surface and to be flat to prevent the wheels from locking. As in football, you will find out which your skillful leg is in order to define which leg you will place forward and which back. The first movement is to push with the back leg and balance.
The leg that is supported on the board should be with the knee always slightly flexed, you should feel comfortable and keep in mind that all the weight of the body is supported on it.
That foot should be supported as close as possible to the front screws, keeping it always well parallel to the skateboard.
In the first displacements, you have to pay close attention to the leg that is on the table since with it you will dominate the situation.
Only once the board is controlled can you start to raise the rear leg after pushing to give momentum to the board, until then it is better to just push.
When climbing the back foot of the board, it must also be placed close to the screws and at that moment both feet are turned so that they are perpendicular to the board. The body what it does is accompany the movement of the feet.
Different Kind Of Skateboard for beginners
If you are just beginning with the world of skateboarding, it will be helpful to familiarize yourself with the different styles of skateboards that are used. They come in different forms depending on the modality. Each of them is designed for a specific type of skating. So the table you buy should fit the skate you want. From here, you can build a custom skate with the different components to fit your style and skateboard. Do not suffer, we have comparisons for each component.
Cruiser boards usually have rear tips to do tricks but are mainly designed to enjoy the skateboard style surfing. These skateboards are typically half-length. The cruiser tables are versatile and easy to maneuver making them great to go quietly through the streets.
The Old School boards have a flat nose as well as the back. They tend to be asymmetrical, with a wider nose. Skateboards of this style are a perfect choice for pools, ramps or turning the streets.
If you're not at all interested in doing tricks and want a skateboard to skate as a means of transport, then the long or cruiser is your ideal choice. Some of the long skateboards are perfectly designed to take advantage of downhill speeds. These are usually symmetrical, close to the ground, and have more space for large wheels.
The shortboards are the smallest skateboard style. Designed and manufactured in a way that takes advantage of the air and can do tricks. If you're learning in the street or skatepark, then shortboard-style skateboards are perfect for you.
Best Skateboard For Beginners 2018 - Buyer's Guide
Let's see the main features that you have to consider before buying a table. Anyway, we recommend that you go back to the top offers according to the style you have, and from there filter according to the characteristics you are looking for.
Skateboard For Beginners Size Guide
Contrary to what you may be thinking, width is the most important thing when you are thinking of buying skateboards. Neither the base of the wheels nor the length. These vary from 7.5 to 8.25 inches. The width you need depends on your height, the size of the shoes, skate style, and of course, personal preferences.
If you decide to choose a skateboard with too much width for you, you will need too much energy, which will make skating and tricks much more difficult. If, on the other hand, you buy one that is too narrow, you will have problems with the balance and you will not feel stable. Most teens and adults will want one that is at least 7.5 ", but one that is slightly wider will feel more stable depending on their construction or shoe size. In the following image, we give you a bit of guidance about it.
So according to the use we give it we find the different uses:
- 5 to 8 inches. Standard skateboards for the street or more technical tricks.
- 8 to 8.5 inches. Skate ramp, pool, and parks.
- 25 plus. Vert, cruising, swimming, and skating to the old school.
It is the distance from the tip of the nose to the tail. While shortboards are between 28 and 32 inches, only professionals pay close attention. The width and base of the wheels should be the most important considerations when you are thinking about making your skateboard in parts or buying a skateboard.
Skateboard Wheels Base Size
It is the distance between the inside of the board and the mounting holes. This determines how far the wheels will be from the front and back. The manufacturers determine the base of the wheels where the screws are placed. The average size of said base goes from 13 to 15 inches.
Still, many skateboards only have a handful of holes. Some skateboards have a multitude of these to have more options. Consider that adjusting the base of the wheels can dramatically affect how well the board is going. Your level of experience is also an element that you should consider.
Skateboard Nose and Tail Size
We also call the front "nose". This is about the front while the tail is the back. It depends on the table, you can hardly distinguish it, but most have graphics and drawings that help you differentiate them. Many have a "ramp" more pronounced in the nose and softer in the tail.
Other Skateboard Parts To Consider
Some forgotten parts of the skateboards also deserve consideration. It will be good to know what to expect and what each of these serves.
Mounting holes. We have already mentioned them, but they are about the holes already made where the wheels go. They usually have two sets of four holes. One is near the nose and the other near the tail.
Layers, they are very thin and made of wood. They are pressed together to create the skateboards themselves. Consider that brands instead of creating these with a single piece, most manufacturers are putting one layer after another to create much stronger boards. The typical ones tend to be 7 layers and you will not see models that exceed 9 (in general).
Curvature. It is the turning of the wood between the nose and the tail. It allows a much more controlled skating and a stronger board.
EFP would come to be the acronym for Effective Foot Platform (EFP). Unlike the base of the wheels that only measures the distance, EFP describes the area at the top of the board on which the skater stands to control. The EFP indicates the part between the back and end of the wheels. Think of this part as the space that is neither the nose nor the tail.
Rails. These are the corners at the end of the board. Remember that both length and shape can make a substantial difference depending on your modality. Rails that are rounder are common for typical skateboards. Its shape is perfect for flip-like tricks. The more pointed corners allow keeping the feet more stuck. On the other hand, we have specialized GP rails to subtract the corners. These give you better control and comfort to make descents.
Tips For Choosing A Skate Board
When it comes to skateboarding, it is essential to have a good board that allows you to start learning. The characteristics of the table you buy will vary depending on the use you want to give it:
If you are interested in traditional skateboarding and you want to perform street skate tricks, you should buy a short and narrow board (83 x 17 cm) with hard wheels and large size, ideal for uneven surfaces.
If skate parks and impossible juggling are your things, a wider and longer board (89 x 22 cm) with small, hard wheels with little traction will provide a better stability and control for lip and lace tricks on ramps and bowls.
And if you're a rookie and you do not have it clear, or if you're a skate lover and want to try all genres, it's best that you acquire an intermediate board (86 x 20 cm) with wheels of medium hardness and size, which will give you more control, but without sacrificing maneuverability in soil tricks and landslides.